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Pump Protection Valve

Pump Protection Valve is a multifunctional valve whose primary purpose is to ensure that a pre-determined minimum flow is assured through a centrifugal pump at all times. This is important as centrifugal pumps suffer from overheating and cavitation and can be permanently damaged if they run dry.

Pump protection valves are required to ensure the minimum flow rate of a pump at all times. This protects the pump against overheating, cavitation and finally, destruction. If the flow through the pump falls below a certain level the bypass system opens and the fluid will be recirculated providing the required minimum flow for the pump.
The pump protection valves work in a modulating way. Should the discaharge increase through the following processes, then the amount of fluid recirculated by the bypass is automatically reduced- and vice versa. This increases the efficiency of the entire system and optimises the economy in the low-load operation.
The pump protection works entirely over the inside valve technology. The volume by which the process decreases is measured independent of the pressure – the amount returned over the bypass is adapted automatically.

Application on

  • Chemical industry
  • Petrochemical industry
  • Steel factory
  • Fire protection system
  • Traditional power plant
  • Shipment/shipping
  • Paper-making industry
  • Environmental protection

Centrifugal pumps require protection

If you use centrifugal pumps for any liquid-boiler feed water, condensate, or process fluids, a significant investment has been made in the pump, driver and related controls. Minimum flow protection is vital upon pump start up and low demand conditions. If reliable protection does not exist, the following unfavorable effects can interfere with the performance and reliable operation of the pump. The liquid’s temperature will rise due to friction and hydraulic losses within the pump. Figure 2a illustrates the temperature rise in relationship to the H-Q curve. The curve indicates that at or near the best efficiency point, the temperature rise is minimal and not significant to the pump operation.

The process flow removes the generated heat from the pump. The temperature increases as the flow through the pump is reduced. Frictional and hydraulic losses generate heat, while the quantity of fluid to which this heat is transmitted is reduced. The rise in temperature results in the formation of vapor. The elevated temperature / vapor pressure of the liquid results in problems ranging from damaged seals and bearings to complete failure of the rotating elements. Internal recirculation within the pump, often termed incipient recirculation, can cause a form of cavitation leading to impeller damage. Internal recirculation is illustrated in Figures 2b and 2c.

High specific speed pumps have power curves which rise as the flow reduces. If adequate flow is not maintained, motor overload will result.

Three protection ways for pump

  • Continuous circulating system
    Minimum requirement of continuous circulating system pump is unrelated with the discharge of Process flow changes system. After setting of minimum flow, through orifice plate directly backflow to storage tank. Although continuous minimum flow circulation can protect pump very good,but pump must provide greater power output to ensure system process flow plus recycle flow, which causing additional energy waste.
  • Control circulating system
    Control circulatory system is assembly by the check valve, flow gauge, minimum flow control valve, control circulation system, control circulation system can provide minimum flow protection, when process flow is greater than minimum flow of pump, loop closed, no extra energy loss. But system is complex, control components, purchase, installation, maintenance cost is higher.
  • Automatic recirculation control valve
    Automatic recirculation valve set check valve, flow perception, bypass control valve, multi-stage step-down in one, do not need power, control system and wiring, essential safety. Taking up small space, reducing the possibility of high-speed fluid to malfunction to minimum, with lower Installation and maintenance cost,It is the priority pump protection way of modern industrial process.

The following is our product catalogue, company profile, qualification certificates and other related documents

  • Modern industrial equipment process request centrifugal pump are basically work under condition of variable flow. An automatic recirculation valve (ARC valve) is a multifunctional valve whose primary purpose is to ensure that a pre-determined minimum flow is assured through a centrifugal pump at all times. This is important as centrifugal pumps suffer from overheating and cavitation and can be permanently damaged if they run dry. Through many years of research and development, continuous innovation and practice, shanghai datian valve Co. research ZD series Automatic recirculation control Valve, to prevent overheating, serious noise, unstable and erosion damage of centrifugal pump under low load operation. As long as the flow rate of the pump valve below a certain value, the bypass backflow mouth will automatically open to ensure necessary minimum flow of pump.
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve
Pump Protection Valve